However, some plant and fish species cannot tolerate much salt, so it must be used with caution. In these cases, a number of an equivalent benefits are often achieved by using commercial slime-enhancing (Stress Coat) products.
When to Use Salt
Nitrite Poisoning: The addition of a one-half ounce (1 level Tablespoon) of salt per gallon of freshwater (= 0.3% salinity) is useful for preventing nitrite from poisoning your fish during a newly found out tank.1
Parasites: Many external parasites are often effectively reduced with the utilization of salt, particularly Costia (Ichthyobodo) infestations.
When to Avoid Salt
Live plants: If you’ve got live plants in your aquarium, avoid using an excessive amount of salt. Plants are often damaged with a comparatively low dosage of salt, which is one reason it is best to treat sick fish in an adjunct hospital tank instead of your regular aquarium.
Scaleless fish: Scaleless fish species don’t have the added barrier that scales provide, in order that they cannot tolerate much salt. The Corydoras catfish are particularly sensitive to salt; as are Tetras. Salt use in aquariums with these species should be no quite 1 level teaspoon per gallon of water (= 0.1% salinity).
Contrary to public opinion , it’s not advisable to feature salt to your aquarium on an ongoing basis unless the fish are species that need brackish (partially salinated) water conditions.
Type, Quantity, and Duration of Salt
Common salt is suitable; however, it should be non-iodized and contain no additives. halite or Kosher salt are excellent choices, as they’re pure common salt with nothing else added. Water conditioner salt, sold in 50 pound bags, is sweet to use for ponds, but shouldn’t contain hydrocyanic acid or other additives. the number of salt added to the water will depend upon how and what it’s used for.
A “dip treatment” may be a short exposure to medication that’s useful for the eradication of parasites. The high concentration of salt within the water will cause the parasites to return off the skin of the fish. For dips, seafood are often placed in an aerated container of salted water with up to 3 percent salinity (10 level Tablespoons, or 5 ounces, per gallon of water) for five minutes, and up to half-hour , or until they lay on rock bottom or roll on their side.
“Bath treatments” essentially mean that you simply are treating the whole quarantine tank; baths are useful for the treatment of stress, nitrite poisoning, and a few parasites. Salt concentrations for a shower are lower, at one-half percent or less, (1 to five teaspoonsful per gallon of water = 0.1 – 0.5% salinity) and are maintained for up to 3 weeks.
Performing a Dip
When treating external parasites, a dip is that the method of choice. Place five to 10 level Tablespoons of salt during a clean bucket, then slowly add one gallon of water from the aquarium, while swirling the bucket to dissolve the salt. this may make an answer of 1.5 to 3.0% salinity. Once the salt is totally dissolved, place the fish during this bucket for five to half-hour . Observe the fish closely for the whole duration of the dip; if any signs of distress are observed, immediately return the fish to the first aquarium. Use an aquarium vacuum pump with an air stone within the water to stay it oxygenated during the dip.
Performing a shower
A bath is right when treating a whole tank for the prevention of nitrite poisoning or reduction of stress.
For the salt bath stress treatment, measure one teaspoon of salt for every gallon of water within the tank (= 0.1% salinity). employing a small container, dissolve the salt during a small quantity of water taken from the tank. Once it’s completely dissolved, slowly add the salt solution to the tank.
For the salt bath prevention of nitrite poisoning, measure three teaspoons of salt for every gallon of water within the tank (= 0.3% salinity), then follow an equivalent steps for dissolving and addition.
When using bath treatments, weekly water changes of 25 percent should begin one week after initial treatment. don’t add any longer additional salt once bath treatments have begun. this may gradually dilute out the salinity of the water in your aquarium